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2017年成人高等学校专升本招生全国统一考试
江苏成人高考信息网 www.jtgov.cn    发布时间: 2018年03月31日
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2017年成人高等学校专升本招生全国统一考试
英  语
答案必须答在答题卡上指定的位置,答在试卷上无效。
 
IPhonetics(5 points)
DirectionsIn each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 1. A. lamb                            B. bombing                   C. comb                       D. ambition
 2. A.guilt                              B.build                          C.guide                         D.guitar
 3. A.laugh                                      B.weigh                       C.tough                         D.rough
 4. A.theater                           B.threat                         C.thread                        D.treasure
 5. A.grand                            B.gravity                       C.gratitude                    D.grateful
II. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)
Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
6. There aren't many wild pandas ______ in the world today.
   A. live                              B. living                        C. to live                      D. lived
7. ______ I could say anything more. Holmes had rushed off towards the door.
   A.Before                          B.After                         C.When                        D.As
8. Since you feel so strongly about this matter, you should make your views ______ to other committee
   members..
   A.know                                     B.knowing                    C.being known             D.known
9. They demanded that the government ______ all political prisoners in the next two days.
   A.free                               B.freed                          C.will free                     D.would free
10. Nelson is a creative liar who is always making ______ unusual excuses for not doing his work.
   A.across                          B.away                         C.off                             D.up
11. --I didn't go to class last night because my car broke down.
   -- You _____ mine. I wasn't using it.
   A. could borrow                                                    B.may borrow             
   C.could have borrowed                                         D.may have borrowed
12. In our view, the root ______ of the crime problem is poverty and unemployment.
   A.solution                      B.reason                       C.cause                         D.fact
13. You mustn't go unless either your father or I ______ with you.
   A. come                           B.comes                        C.came                          D.has come
14. There are ______ fewer custom tailors and dressmakers in the U.S. than in European countries.
   A. so                                B.very                           C.far                             D.too
15. In the first semester, I asked my teacher _______ .
   A.what courses should I take                                B.what courses I should take
   C.I should take what courses                              D. Should I take what courses
16. After the party, we had to tidy up the kitchen, which was a(n) _____ mess.
   A.exact                             B.entire                         C.definite                      D.complete
17. Their experiment ______, Tom and Mary    set out to write the report on the results.
   A.done                                     B.to be done                 C.being done                D.will be done
18. A newspaper headline concerning new energy development ______ his attention and he was much
    interested in making investment in it.
   A. gave                                      B.caught                       C.turned                        D.paid
19. Would you please let me finish my words? Don't _______ in the middle of a sentence.
   A.put me off                    B.cut me off                  C.keep me off               D.get me off
20. -- Have you ever played bridge?
    --Yes. We ______ on weekends when I was in college.
   A.would have played                                            B.should have played            
   C.used to play                                                       D.had played               
III.Cloze (30 points)
Directions: For each blank in the following passage ,there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Scientists have been struggling to find out the reason behind blushing(脸红). Why would human evolve(进化) a   21   that puts us at a social disadvantage by   22   us to reveal that we have cheated or lied.
Charles Darwin pointed out that   23  all people of all races blush, animals do not. When it came to explaining the reason, he was  24  a loss. That has not stopped others from trying.
One   25  is that blushing started out as a way to show we obey authoritative members of the group. Later, as our social interactions became  26  complex, it became involved with higher, self-conscious  27   such as guilt, shame and embarrassment. This would seem to put individuals at a disadvantage, but blushing might actually make it a person more  28  or socially desirable.
 29   that women blush more than men, one university researcher suggests that blushing might have evolved as a way for women to  30  their honesty to men so as to win their support in raising children. Some zoologists also think blushing could have emerged as away to foster trust. "If you were to go hunting
  31  a stone-faced partner, you could never  32   what he wants." he says. Once blushing became  33   with embarrassment, anyone who did not blush might have been at a disadvantage because we are   34   likely to trust someone who appears never to feel   35   about anything.
21.A.response                        B.reply                          C.reflection                   D.recall
22.A.forbidding                     B.forcing                      C.encouraging              D.preventing
23.A.when                             B.while                         C.since                          D.because
24.A.on                                  B.in                               C.at                               D.of
25.A.suggestion                     B.advice                        C.solution                     D.question
26.A.apparently                     B.completely                 C.awkwardly                D.increasingly
27.A.moods                           B.senses                       C.emotions                   D.tempers
28.A.privileged                      B.embarrassed              C.energetic                    D.attractive
29.A.Noting                           B.Providing                  C.Assuming                 D.Hoping
30.A.assure                            B.approve                     C.confirm                     D.demonstrate
31.A.for                                 B.with                           C.by                              D.as
32.A.say                                B.speak                         C.tell                             D.talk
33.A.united                            B.related                       C.contacted                   D.associated
34.A.more                              B.that                            C.less                            D.so
35.A.ashamed                        B.disappointed              C.satisfied                     D.pleased           
IV. Reading Comprehension (60 points)
Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Passage One
June came and the hay(干草) was almost ready for cutting. On Midsummer's Eve, which was a Saturday, Mr. Jones went into Willington and got so drunk at the Red Lion that he did not come back until midday on Sunday. His men had milked the cows in the early morning and then had gone out chatting without bothering to feed the animals. When Mr. Jones got back, he immediately went to sleep on the living-room sofa with the "News of the World" over his face. When evening came, the animals were still not fed. At last, they could stand no longer. One of the cows broke into the door of the storehouse with her horns and all the animals began to help themselves to the grains.
It was just then that Mr. Jones woke up. The next moment he and his four men were in the storehouse with whips in their hands, whipping in all directions. This was more than the hungry animals would bear. Together, though nothing of the kind had been planned beforehand, they jumped upon their masters. Mr. Jones and his men suddenly found themselves being stuck with the horns and kicked from all sides. The situation was quite out of their control. They had never seen animals act like this before. This sudden rebellion of the creatures, which they were used to beating and whipping just as they chose, frightened them. After only a moment or two, they gave up trying to defend themselves. A minute later all five of them were in full fright down the road with the animals running after them joyfully.
36.The four men did not feed the cows because ______.
   A.they had not cut the hay yet                            B.Mr. Jones wasn't at home
   C.they did not have time to feed them                D.the cows had fed themselves
37.The cows broke into the storehouse because ______.
   A.they did not like their masters                            B.Mr. Jones forgot to lock the door
   C.they           were kept in the cow-house too long        D.they were too hungry to wait for the feed
38.What did the five men finally do with the cows?
   A.They chased and drove the cows away.             B.They continued beating the cows.
   C.They gave up defense and ran away.              D.They gave in and fed the cows.
39.We can learn from the passage that ______.
   A.the cows often ran out to look for food                                                 
   B.the cows often had fights with their masters
   C.Mr. Jones and his men often beat the cows                                                              
   D.Mr. Jones and his men often forgot to feed the cows
Passage Two
It was sunrise on an August morning when the captain and his crew cast their nets some 50 miles south of Louisiana in the Gulf of Mexico. As the net was pulled over, the contents poured out followed by excited cries of "Coins! Coins!"  The fishermen quickly realized they had realized a fisherman's dream: sunken treasure! And not just any treasure, but early American silver dollars that had gone down 210 years earlier.
In 1784, at the end of the American Revolutionary War, a heavily armed ship was bound for the port of New Orleans. On board was a fortune in Spanish Silver Dollars. Hundreds of thousands of them were loaded for the trip to New Orleans, yet not a single one arrived. With no survivors from the ill-fated voyage, historians can only guess at what happened. Some say powerful storms took her down while others speculate it was treasure-hungry pirates(海盗). Whatever happened, the secret -- along with a treasure valued near $ 100,000,000 in today's dollars -- was sent to a watery grave some 300 feet below the ocean's surface.
Spanish Silver Dollars were the favorite coins of colonial Americans. Widely used and accepted as payment in the thirteen colonies, the United States government gave them the status of official legal tender. Unfortunately, even though they were struck in large quantities, not many of them survive today. After the Civil War, the government withdrew them from circulation and they were melted down.
Due to the historic discovery of this treasure, GovMint. com is releasing these coins to the public for an amazingly low price. For a limited time, these authentic silver dollars are priced at $49 plus shipping and handling -- a dramatic reduction from the market price of this coin anywhere else worldwide.
40.What surprised the fishermen on an August morning?
   A.Their net contained a big strange-looking fish.
   B.They found the treasure sunken 210 years ago.
   C.They found some pieces of a sunken ship in the net.
   D.Their net suddenly got caught by something deep in the water.
41.What happened to the ship heading for New Orleans in 1874?.
   A.Loaded with too much cargo, it hit on the rocks.                          
   B.Robbed by pirates, it cost $100,000,000's worth of goods.                   
   C.It disappeared but nobody knew exactly what had happened.                         
   D.It was caught in a terrible storm and went down into the ocean.
42.What do we know about "Spanish Silver Dollars"?
   A.Today one coin equals to 49 dollars in the world market.                      
   B.They were widely used in America after the Civil War.
   C.Issued in small amounts, not many of them survive.                             
   D.They were officially accepted in the 13 colonies.
43.In which section of a magazine would you probably find this article?
   A.Sports.                      B.Housing.                C.History.                 D.Fashion.
Passage Three
The environment affects the way people interact. To examine this conclusion, two researchers "decorate" three rooms. One room was refurnished to look ugly. The second room was intended to look average. The third room was designed to be beautiful. Individuals were asked to sit in one of the three rooms and rate several pictures of people's faces. The results indicated that the environment has a significant effect on the way people rated the faces. Subjects in the beautiful room gave the pictures higher rates than did subjects in the ugly room. In addition, subjects in the ugly room found the task more unpleasant and boring than did subjects assigned to the beautiful room.
Color is one environmental factor that can affect your mood and even your ability to concentrate. One researcher concluded that the most pleasant colors, listed in order of preference, were blue, green, purple, red and yellow. The colors listed from most to least arousing were red, orange,yellow, violet, blue and green.
Lighting also affects behavior. Elegant restaurants with dim lighting create a mood of intimacy(亲密) that encourages conversation. The bright lights of an office or classroom, on the other hand, arouse and stimulate thinking.
Room decoration, color, lighting, and even music and temperature all influence communication with others, but there is no all-purpose environment. The ideal environment depends on the task that will be performed as well as on the needs and expectations of those present.  The same environmental factors that encourage lively conversation and dancing at a New Year's Eve party cannot be expected to create a serene climate in which to study for final exams.
44.Paragraph 1 shows that subjects in the ugly room tend to be ______.
   A.less patient                B.less considerate      C.more enthusiastic   D.more confident
45.Which color is the most helpful for keeping a good mood?
   A.Green                        B.Blue                       C.Orange                   D.Red
46.What effect can dim lights of an eating environment bring about?
   A.Arousing active thinking.                                  B.Improving work efficiency.
   C.Creating a tense atmosphere.                             D.Stimulating talks among people.
47.The underlined word"serene" in the last sentence is closest in meaning to ______.
   A.serious and grave                                              B.calm and peaceful
   C.pleasant and friendly                                          D.cold and indifferent
Passage Four
There is nothing more possible than a new hip or knee that can put the spring back in your step. Patients receiving joint implants(移植) often are able to resume many of the physical activities they love, even those as vigorous as tennis and hiking. No wonder, then, that joint replacement is growing in popularity.
In the United States in 2007, surgeons performed about 806,000 hip and knee implant (the joints most commonly replaced), double the number performed a decade earlier. Though these procedures have become routine, they are not failure free.
Implants must sometimes be replaced, said Dr. Henrik Malchau, an orthopaedic surgeon (矫形外科医生) at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. A study published in 2007 found that 7 percent of hips implanted in Medicare patients had to be replaced within seven and a half years.
The percentage may sound low, but the finding suggests that thousands of hip patients eventually require a second operation, said Dr. Malchau. Those patients must endure additional recoveries, often painful, and increased medical expenses.
The failure rate should be lower, many experts agree. Sweden, for instance, has a failure rate estimated to be a third of that in the United States. Sweden also has a national joint replacement registry, a database of information from which surgeons can learn how and why  certain procedures go wrong. A registry also helps surgeons learn quickly whether a specific type of implant is particularly problematic. "Every country that has developed a registry has been able to reduce failure rate significantly," said Dr. Daniel Berry, chief of orthopaedic surgery at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn.
A newly formed American Joint Replacement Registry will begin gathering data from hospitals in the next 12 to 18 months. It's good news for those who are considering replacing a knee or hip.
48.What is the problem with hip or knee replacements in the U.S.?
   A.A lot of patients need a second operation.
   B.Doctors are not well trained to ensure successful operations.
   C.Demands for hip replacements exceed the number of surgeons.
   D.Replacement operation is becoming too expensive in U.S. hospitals.
49.Why does Sweden have a lower rate of hip implant failure?
   A.Sweden has more advanced technology.
   B.Sweden has a patient data collecting system.
   C.Sweden has a much larger number of patients.
   D.Swedish doctors are most responsible and skillful.
50.The U.S. Is trying to reduce joint replacement failure rate by ______.
   A.strictly controlling the number of replacement operations.                              
   B.asking hospitals to follow up each case for 12-18 months.          
   C.setting up a national joint replacement database.                           
   D.sending doctors to be trained in Sweden.
51.People who need a new knee or hip would possibly feel ______ about data gathering in the U.S.
   A.indifferent                 B.assured                   C.puzzled                   D.hopeful
Passage Five
The Saturday evening Post "became symbolic of the reading fare of middle-class America". In 1897 Curtis began to revive(重振) the Post on the proposition that a man's chief interest in life is the fight for livelihood -- business. Fiction and articles about romantic business and successful businessmen filled its pages, and products backed by its advertisements directed at the needs and desires of the business world. The general interest weekly reached new audiences. Its conservative viewpoint and strong admiration for material success appealed to the tastes of the millions who settled in an easy chair with it each Thursday evening. As a more commercial, mass-circulation magazine than The New Yorker, the widely readable Post set out to interpret America to itself.
As a national and international institution, The Saturday Evening Post made its mark in the lives of massive numbers of men and women, and served society as a stabilizing influence. Its editorial matter addressed the problems and interests of the readers as never before. Neither highbrow nor lowbrow, the Post set out to interpret average middle-class America, for that was its audience. However, this magazine lost touch with the mood of the American people in the 1930s. The Post's editor Lorimer, opposed Roosevelt and the New Deal and changed his magazine from an organ of entertainment and enlightenment into a weapon of political warfare. He believed that in opposing the New Deal he had spoken for the majority of voters, but the 1936 election proved him wrong. His conservatism extended beyond politics, it dominated the magazine's content and style causing a decline in reputation and authority. The Post met its greatest success when it went beyond the tastes of the masses, challenging its readers to acknowledge the genius of contributors such as F. Scott Fitzgerald and William Faulkner. It was later reformed in an effort to fulfill its responsibility to awaken lethargic(昏昏欲睡的) America, however, The Saturday Evening Post seemed to play to conventions while The New Yorker took off to redefine the character of American Humor.
52.According to Paragraph 1, who are primarily the readers of the Post?
   A.Businessmen.                                                    B.College students.
   C.Housewives                                                       D.Politicians.
53.What is the earliest time that readers can read the Post every week?
   A.Monday.                    B.Thursday                C.Saturday                 D.Sunday
54.Why did the Post lose much of its audience in the 1930s?
   A.It changed its original style and was heavily involved in politics.                           
   B.Readers couldn't afford a newspaper because of the Depression.                   
   C.The new editor was not interested in Roosevelt's politics.                     
   D.It failed to absorb sufficient advertisements.
55.What makes the Post so commercially successful?
   A.Presenting American style humor.                                                
   B.Sticking to the tastes of the middle-class.
   C.Carrying articles and novels by local writers.                                        
   D.Staying in close contact with the business world.
 
V. Daily Conversation(15 points)
Directions:Pick out the appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogues by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

A. When do you need it                   B. Do you have any available
C. What do you mean                     D. May I come over tomorrow to take a look
E. Can I leave a message                   F. Can you give me the details about it
G. that's probably it                       H. that''s exactly what you want

 
 
 
 
 
 
  Sarah: Hello. I'm calling to rent an apartment you advertised.
Manager: Yes. What kind of apartment are you interested in?
  Sarah: I'm interested in a one-bedroom apartment.   56   ?
Manager: Yes,  I have one.    57   ?
  Sarah: Sometime around next week.     58    ?
Manager: Well, it's a one-bedroom apartment. The monthly rent is $650, with a $300 security deposit. You
        pay electricity only. Gas and water is included. You can use a sheltered parking space at no extra
        charge. And ...     59   .
  Sarah: Sounds good.    60   ?
Manager: Sure. See you tomorrow then.
 
VI. Writing(25 points)
Directions:For this part ,you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.
61. 请以低碳生活(a low carbon life)为主题写一篇100-120词的短文, 内容包括:
· 流行低碳生活的背景(如: 极端气候、 各种灾害、 环境污染等)
· 实施低碳生活的若干方式(如家庭生活、 工作学习、 外出旅游中的节约行为等)
·低碳生活带来的积极影响
*************************************************************************
 
 
2011年成人高等学校专升本招生全国统一考试
英语试题答案和评分参考
IPhonetics(5 points, one point each)
1.D                      2.C                      3.B                      4.A                      5.D
II. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points, one point each)
6.B                      7.A                      8.D                      9.A                      10.D
11.C                    12.C                    13.A                    14.C                    15.B
16.D                    17.A                    18.B                    19.B                    20.C
III.Cloze (30 points, two points each)
21.A                    22.B                    23.B                    24.C                    25.A
26.D                    27.C                    28.D                    29.A                    30.D
31.B                    32.C                    33.D                    34.C                    35.A
IV. Reading Comprehension (60 points, three points each)
36.B                    37.D                    38.C                    39.C                    40.B
41.C                    42.D                    43.C                    44.A                    45.B
46.D                    47.B                    48.A                    49.B                    50.C
51.D                    52.A                    53.B                    54.A                    55.B
V.Daily Conversation(15 points, three points each)
56.B                    57.A                    58.F                     59.G                    60.D
VI. Writing(25 points)


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